Monday, 04 June 2018 00:00

What Causes Sever’s Disease?

The ailment known as Sever’s disease affects the heels in children and teenagers. It typically occurs when the growth plate in the heel has been injured, often due to physical activity. It generally happens at a time when rapid growth is experienced, and will commonly cease by age 15. Research has shown that the occurrence of Sever’s disease may be increased if certain conditions are apparent. These may include a flat or elevated arch, obesity which may put additional weight on the growth plate, or a condition referred to as short leg syndrome. If you notice your child is limping or is experiencing heel pain, they may have Sever’s disease. After a proper diagnosis is performed, treatment can generally begin by ceasing the activity that caused this condition. Additionally, practicing correct foot stretches may aid in obtaining moderate relief. Please speak with a podiatrist if you think your child is affected by Sever’s disease.

Sever's disease often occurs in children and teens. If your child is experiencing foot or ankle pain, see Dr. Lori S. Weisenfeld at New York. Our doctor can treat your child’s foot and ankle needs.

Sever’s Disease

Sever’s disease is also known as calcaneal apophysitis, which is a medical condition that causes heel pain I none or both feet. The disease is known to affect children between the ages of 8 and 14.

Sever’s disease occurs when part of the child’s heel known as the growth plate (calcaneal epiphysis) is attached to the Achilles tendon. This area can suffer injury when the muscles and tendons of the growing foot do not keep pace with bone growth. Therefore, the constant pain which one experiences at the back of the heel will make the child unable to put any weight on the heel. The child is then forced to walk on their toes.

Symptoms

Acute pain – Pain asscoiatied with Sever’s disease is usually felt in the heel when the child engages in physical activity such as walking, jumping and or running.

Highly active – Children who are very active are among the most susceptible in experiencing Sever’s disease, because of the stress and tension placed on their feet.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Midtown, Manhattan. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

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When proper foot stretches are performed, the body may become stronger, and may possibly alleviate certain aches and pains that may be present. An effective stretch that may strengthen the plantar fascia would be to interlace your fingers between your toes, and gently pull while rolling your ankle in small circles. Additionally, a stretch that simulates a massage involves using a tennis ball. When the foot is placed on top of the ball and gently rolled, the ligaments and tendons are stretched, encouraging the muscles of the foot to loosen. A popular foot stretch is known as flexing the foot. While sitting down, hold your foot in your hands and gently pull into an arch. The benefits of this effective stretch include improved strength in the toes in addition to possibly preventing any foot spasms from occurring. Please consult a podiatrist for additional information about the positive effects of proper foot stretching.

Stretching the feet is a great way to prevent injuries. If you have any concerns with your feet consult with Dr. Lori S. Weisenfeld from New York. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Stretching the Feet

Stretching the muscles in the foot is an important part in any physical activity. Feet that are tight can lead to less flexibility and make you more prone to injury. One of the most common forms of foot pain, plantar fasciitis, can be stretched out to help ease the pain. Stretching can not only ease pain from plantar fasciitis but also prevent it as well. However, it is important to see a podiatrist first if stretching is right for you. Podiatrists can also recommend other ways to stretch your feet. Once you know whether stretching is right for you, here are some excellent stretches you can do.

  • Using a foam roller or any cylindrical object (a water bottle or soda can will do), roll the object under your foot back and forth. You should also exert pressure on the object. Be sure to do this to both feet for a minute. Do this exercise three times each.
  • Similar to the previous one, take a ball, such as a tennis ball, and roll it under your foot while seated and exert pressure on it.
  • Grab a resistance band or towel and take a seat. If you are using a towel, fold it length wise. Next put either one between the ball of your foot and heel and pull with both hands on each side towards you. Hold this for 15 seconds and then switch feet. Do this three times for each foot.
  • Finally hold your big toe while crossing one leg over the other. Pull the toe towards you and hold for 15 seconds. Once again do this three times per foot.

It is best to go easy when first stretching your foot and work your way up. If your foot starts hurting, stop exercising and ice and rest the foot. It is advised to then see a podiatrist for help.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Midtown, Manhattan. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Monday, 21 May 2018 00:00

How to Treat Toenail Fungus

Onychomycosis, more commonly known as Toenail fungus, affects approximately half of all Americans by the age of 70. This fungal infection occurs when microscopic fungi gains entry through a small trauma in the nail, and the growth process arises due to moisture from the patient’s socks and shoes. Common symptoms of toenail fungus include swelling, crumbling, thickening, and yellowing of the nail. In certain cases, some may even experience a complete loss of the nail itself. Toenail fungus can be caused by walking around in damp areas such as gym locker rooms, shower stalls, or swimming pools. The condition can easily spread from one person to another or even to other parts of the body. Those with diabetes should be especially careful when it comes to toenail fungus, because they are at an increased risk of contracting it. This may be due to the fact that diabetics have a compromised immune system.

 

If left untreated, toenail fungus may spread to other toenails, skin, or even fingernails. If you suspect you have toenail fungus it is important to seek treatment right away. For more information about treatment, contact Dr. Lori S. Weisenfeld of New York. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Symptoms

  • Warped or oddly shaped nails
  • Yellowish nails
  • Loose/separated nail
  • Buildup of bits and pieces of nail fragments under the nail
  • Brittle, broken, thickened nail

Treatment

If self-care strategies and over-the-counter medications does not help your fungus, your podiatrist may give you a prescription drug instead. Even if you find relief from your toenail fungus symptoms, you may experience a repeat infection in the future.

Prevention

In order to prevent getting toenail fungus in the future, you should always make sure to wash your feet with soap and water. After washing, it is important to dry your feet thoroughly especially in between the toes. When trimming your toenails, be sure to trim straight across instead of in a rounded shape. It is crucial not to cover up discolored nails with nail polish because that will prevent your nail from being able to “breathe”.

In some cases, surgical procedure may be needed to remove the toenail fungus. Consult with your podiatrist about the best treatment options for your case of toenail fungus.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Midtown, Manhattan. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

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Monday, 14 May 2018 00:00

What is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is one of the longest tendons in the body, and its purpose is to connect the heel bone to the calf.  If an injury should occur to the Achilles tendon, severe pain may be felt.  An acute tear to the Achilles tendon is often due to a sports mishap.  If you are involved in tennis, soccer, volleyball, or similar sports, this type of injury may be more likely to occur.  If you feel that damage may have been done to the Achilles tendon, swelling, stiffness, and reduced strength in the foot may be experienced.  To determine the severity of the injury, an MRI or ultrasound may be performed. Treatment will typically consist of resting the foot, wearing different footwear, or using orthotic devices. Schedule a consultation with your podiatrist for a proper evaluation if you believe you've sustained an Achilles tendon injury. 

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Lori S. Weisenfeld of New York. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What are the symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Midtown, Manhattan. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 07 May 2018 00:00

What Causes Gout?

One form of arthritis, commonly referred to as gout, often produces severe pain and swelling in the big toe. There may be several causes of this condition, including an injury or illness that has happened or from ingesting excessive amounts of red meat and alcohol. When this occurs, uric acid in the body may produce excess crystals which lodge in the joints, and the toes are generally affected. A proper diagnosis may consist of knowing the intensity of the gout attack and learning about the patient's diet and regular medications. Additionally, an X-ray or similar may be performed to analyze the bones and soft tissues surrounding the affected toe. It’s suggested to consider scheduling a consultation with a podiatrist for the discussion of proper treatment options that may include dietary changes.

Gout is a painful condition that can be treated. If you are seeking treatment, contact Dr. Lori S. Weisenfeld from New York. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What is Gout?

Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness, and tenderness in the joints. The condition usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe. A gout attack can occur at any random time, such as the middle of the night while you are asleep.

Symptoms

  • Intense Joint Pain - Usually around the large joint of your big toe, and it most severe within the first four to twelve hours
  • Lingering Discomfort - Joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks
  • Inflammation and Redness -Affected joints may become swollen, tender, warm and red
  • Limited Range of Motion - May experience a decrease in joint mobility

Risk Factors

  • Genetics - If family members have gout, you’re more likely to have it
  • Medications - Diuretic medications can raise uric acid levels
  • Gender/Age - Gout is more common in men until the age of 60. It is believed that estrogen protects women until that point
  • Diet - Eating red meat and shellfish increases your risk
  • Alcohol - Having more than two alcoholic drinks per day increases your risk
  • Obesity - Obese people are at a higher risk for gout

Prior to visiting your podiatrist to receive treatment for gout, there are a few things you should do beforehand. If you have gout you should write down your symptoms--including when they started and how often you experience them, important medical information you may have, and any questions you may have. Writing down these three things will help your podiatrist in assessing your specific situation so that he or she may provide the best route of treatment for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Midtown, Manhattan. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Everything You Need to Know About Gout
Monday, 30 April 2018 00:00

What is a Bunion?

bunion is typically found at the bottom of the big toe. It is comprised of a growth that appears to be of a bony texture, and severe pain is often experienced. The causes for this ailment developing may originate from a predisposed inherited gene or from an injury the foot has endured. There are several ways to determine if you have this condition, which may be noticing reddened skin, a tingling sensation, or swelling in the affected area. Treatment typically involves specific surgery that can be performed to remove the bunion or choosing a more conservative method where partial relief may be obtained. Recent research has shown that wearing shoes with a bigger toe area is helpful in accommodating the bunion, in addition to pads that are placed on the bunion which may help in relieving pressure. Seeking a consultation with a podiatrist is highly recommended if you are experiencing pain or discomfort.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact Dr. Lori S. Weisenfeld of New York. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.

Causes

  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development

Symptoms

  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Midtown, Manhattan. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Monday, 23 April 2018 00:00

What causes Athlete’s Foot?

If you experience a fungus that affects your feet, you may have what is referred to as athlete’s foot. Common symptoms of this condition may include itching, blistering, or cracked skin. If you develop athlete’s foot, it’s advised to seek treatment as soon as possible so infection can be prevented. The fungus typically thrives in moist environments, and may live on shower room floors or in public pools. Athlete’s foot can easily spread, and it’s recommended that shower shoes are worn to possibly prevent this fungus from entering the skin. Additional preventive measures may include washing the feet and drying thoroughly between the toes, using a powder to absorb excessive moisture, and avoiding wearing shoes that fit incorrectly. If you have athlete’s foot, please consult with a podiatrist for additional information about prevention and treatment options.

Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s foot is often an uncomfortable condition to experience. Thankfully, podiatrists specialize in treating athlete’s foot and offer the best treatment options. If you have any questions about athlete’s foot, consult with Dr. Lori S. Weisenfeld from New York. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality treatment.

What is Athlete’s Foot?

Tinea pedis, more commonly known as athlete’s foot, is a non-serious and common fungal infection of the foot. Athlete’s foot is contagious and can be contracted by touching someone who has it or infected surfaces. The most common places contaminated by it are public showers, locker rooms, and swimming pools. Once contracted, it grows on feet that are left inside moist, dark, and warm shoes and socks.

Prevention

The most effective ways to prevent athlete’s foot include:

  • Thoroughly washing and drying feet
  • Avoid going barefoot in locker rooms and public showers
  • Using shower shoes in public showers
  • Wearing socks that allow the feet to breathe
  • Changing socks and shoes frequently if you sweat a lot

Symptoms:

Athlete’s foot initially occurs as a rash between the toes. However, if left undiagnosed, it can spread to the sides and bottom of the feet, toenails, and if touched by hand, the hands themselves. Symptoms include:

  • Redness
  • Burning
  • Itching
  • Scaly and peeling skin

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis is quick and easy. Skin samples will be taken and either viewed under a microscope or sent to a lab for testing. Sometimes, a podiatrist can diagnose it based on simply looking at it. Once confirmed, treatment options include oral and topical antifungal medications.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Midtown, Manhattan. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

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There is a thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot connecting the heel to the toes. If this tissue should become torn and inflamed, it is referred to as a condition called plantar fasciitis. There are several functions of the plantar fascia, including maintaining the foot’s balance and how the walk is controlled. If this portion of tissue should become injured, the discomfort and pain that’s experienced may be disabling. One of the earliest signs of a tear or injury is pain that’s felt after sleeping when the first step is taken. There are preventative stretches that can be performed to strengthen the foot, which may help to avoid injury. It’s equally important to cease all activities that cause any discomfort, in addition to wearing the right running shoes with adequate arch support. If you suffer from this ailment, it’s suggested to consult with a podiatrist for additional information about plantar fasciitis.

Plantar fasciitis can be very painful and inconvenient. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, contact Dr. Lori S. Weisenfeld  from New York. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot, known as the plantar fascia, and causes mild to severe heel pain.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

  • Excessive running
  • Non-supportive shoes
  • Overpronation
  • Repeated stretching and tearing of the plantar fascia

How Can It Be Treated?

  • Conservative measures – anti-inflammatories, ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy, orthotic devices
  • Shockwave therapy – sound waves are sent to the affected area to facilitate healing and are usually used for chronic cases of plantar fasciitis
  • Surgery – usually only used as a last resort when all else fails. The plantar fascia can be surgically detached from the heel

While very treatable, plantar fasciitis is definitely not something that should be ignored. Especially in severe cases, speaking to your doctor right away is highly recommended to avoid complications and severe heel pain. Your podiatrist can work with you to provide the appropriate treatment options tailored to your condition.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Midtown, Manhattan. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 09 April 2018 00:00

Possible Causes of Hammertoes

A condition referred to as hammertoe is easier to identify than it is to treat. This condition causes the middle of the toe to bend, causing the bottom of the toe to be in a downward position. Corns or calluses may often accompany hammertoe, which is caused by the friction the affected joint endures while rubbing against the shoe. There may be several causes responsible for the development of hammertoes, including lack of strength within the foot that may be a result of having diabetes in addition to a predisposed inherited gene. It’s common for this ailment to develop from wearing incorrect shoes that cause the toes to be cramped together, such as high heels. Recent research has suggested that there may be a connection between hammertoes and other conditions such as arthritis, flat feet, and pain on the bottom of the foot. Proper treatment may consist of splinting the affected toe, and surgery may be an option if the affliction is severe. Please schedule a consultation with a podiatrist for treatment options and additional information about hammertoes.

Hammertoe

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Dr. Lori S. Weisenfeld from New York. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.

Symptoms

  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes

Causes

Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe

Treatment

Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact our office located in Midtown, Manhattan. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What Are Hammertoes?
Monday, 02 April 2018 00:00

How Do I Know If I Have Toenail Fungus?

If you notice that your toenails are turning yellow and becoming thicker, you may have what is referred to as toenail fungus. It’s a common ailment, and the majority of the population will develop this condition at some point in their lives. The fungus thrives on living in warm and moist areas, and the feet and toenails are a perfect place for this to occur. Some additional symptoms may include the nail appearing lumpy, causing an unsightly appearance. In severe cases, the nail may chip and crumble as a result of the affected area becoming brittle. Treatment options include wearing socks that allow the feet to breath and choosing to wear shoes specifically designed for public showers or pools. A consultation with a podiatrist is suggested if this condition affects you or if additional information is desired.

For more information about treatment, contact Dr. Lori S. Weisenfeld of New York. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Toenail Fungus Treatment

Toenail fungus is a condition that affects many people and can be especially hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating and avoiding it.

Antifungals &  Deterrence

Oral antifungal medicine has been shown to be effective in many cases. It is important to consult with a podiatrist to determine the proper regiment for you, or potentially explore other options.

Talcum powder – applying powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.

Sandals or open toed shoes – Wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Midtown, Manhattan. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Toenail Fungus
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